With the "measures" that the federal government has taken to contain the spread of the Covid-19 virus, the food supply of the population, and thus the food value chain, has become the focus of attention due to the responsibility of the LMBG (Lebensmittelbewirtschaftungsgesetze) in the department. The "food production value chain" in Austria is basically organized on the basis of a division of labor. Agricultural primary production is embedded in upstream and downstream economic sectors. Upstream are inputs such as seeds, pesticides and fertilizers, the feed industry, agricultural machinery, the veterinary sector as well as fuels and energy. The business relations from the upstream sector to the agricultural sector run through direct contacts of the companies, but often through the warehouse cooperatives as well as the private agricultural trade. In the downstream sector, the food industry and trade, the food retail trade, the dairy, meat and milling industry, the bakery trade, the fruit, sugar and starch industry are particularly worth mentioning. In addition to the aforementioned division of labor in Austria, there is another dimension, namely that of agricultural foreign trade. Austria has a negative foreign trade balance in the customs chapters 1-24 (agricultural primary production and processed food), which means that more agricultural products are imported than exported in terms of value. Bottlenecks can occur along the food production value chain, which can lead to bottlenecks in food production in the short term in the event of crises or market distortions.
Support for the crisis team on the LMBG (Food Management Act) in the BMLRT on scenarios for the crisis vulnerability of the Austrian food supply due to the consequences of Covid-19 On the basis of data preparation (agricultural foreign trade, supply balances). Presentation of the most important food value chains (such as milk and dairy products, vegetables and potatoes, fruit, eggs, meat (bark/pork/poultry), cereals, oilseeds and the important upstream areas feed- seed- and fertilizer. Supply and profitability calculations of the primary production as well as in the upstream and downstream sectors of agriculture. Participation in the project "Future Operations" of the Coordination Committee of the State Crisis and Disaster Management (SKKM) on the subject of data models.
Work carried out in 2020
- Preparation of agricultural foreign trade data and intersect with supply balances.
- Weekly update of the meat fact sheet for beef and pork.
- Sector analyses for fertilizers and pesticides as well as seeds, eggs, meat (beef, pork, poultry), feed, vegetables, cereals and oilseeds, milk and milk products, and fruit.
- Results were presented in a webinar on May 7, 2020, entitled: "Scenarios on the vulnerability of the Austrian food supply to crises due to the consequences of Covid-19."
- Ongoing preparatory work for the crisis team at the BMLRT.
Planned work 2021
Depending on requests from the crisis team in the BMLRT.
Project start: March 2020
End of project: currently not foreseeable